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发表于 2018-6-26 22:54:02 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式

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  开孝义门:上联典指北宋朝时期的永嘉人黎靖德,宋嘉祐年间任沙阳县主簿,代理县令处理政务,清廉谨慎,善于处理繁杂的事务,又博学能写文章。曾主持修《沙阳县志》,另著有《朱子语类》。下联指宋朝时期的东莞人黎宿,为人敦厚而重礼义,乡邻都受他的影响而感化。曾割大腿肉为亲人治病,受到朝廷旌表。 3 w0 P# C: t! L2 D; }
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  亭号众香:上联典指北宋朝时期的儋州人黎子云,兄弟都贫困而好学。文学家苏轼被贬儋州时,曾拜访过他们兄弟。他们对苏轼也很敬重,常常载着酒去见苏轼,请教学问。苏轼题其别墅为“载酒堂”。下联典指清朝时期的画家、诗人黎简,字简民,号二樵,又号石鼎道士,广东顺德人,生员。他所住的地方叫百花村,有亭叫众香亭,有阁叫药烟阁。擅长画山水,工诗词而刻意炼句,著有《五百四峰草堂诗钞》、《药烟阁词钞》、《芙蓉亭乐府》等。
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$ m) S/ v5 Y/ p  京兆家声:此联为黎氏宗祠“京兆堂”堂联。
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  明德惟馨:广西壮族自治区阳朔县归义古城旧县村黎氏家祠联。在归义古城东面沿田道走百余米,便到旧县村,沿着村道行走右边便是一排清水砖墙大宅。青灰瓦面,马头墙高高耸立,屋脊四角翘起,梁檐精雕细镂,气势恢房,颇具典型的明清封闭试庄园风格。最引人注目的是“黎氏家祠”匾,朱红底色,镏金大字熠熠生辉,另有三块巨大的匾额也高悬于檐下,一为“进士”一为“武魁”一为“文魁”,祠堂大门两侧有这副对联。门旁有一对栓马石,石坊上刻有“举人黎启勋丁仲春月吉日立”字样。此外,村上还有“两广巡抚”黎桂生、黎凤梧的宅第、牌匾,抗日将领、原国民党四十六军军长黎行恕旧居也在其中。
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  经术传家钦北宋;
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( {2 s( m4 v) U0 E" [0 `+ y4 m  文章华国耀西川:此联为黎氏祠堂联。
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  文章惟读周秦汉;
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  儒术兼通天地人:此联为北洋军阀政府总统黎元洪自题联。 ) q/ f9 o0 {) M, U4 t

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  学通经史,堪称直讲才华:上联典指明朝时期的状元黎淳,字太朴,华容人。天顺进士第一。官至礼部尚书致仕。下联典指北宋朝时期的朝议大夫黎的事典。黎錞,字希声,文安人。庆历进士,英宗以蜀士为问,欧阳修对曰:“文行苏洵,经术黎錞。”尝知眉州,苏轼作《远景楼记》,称其“简而文,刚而仁明,正而不阿”久而民益信之。 , A3 i; i( {, y" d- k
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  簪缨奕世,黎阳之信史堪传:上联典指唐朝时期的谏议大夫黎干,戎州人。善星纬术。玄宗时待诏翰林。下联典指黎希声有《登远景楼赋》。下联典指北周朝时期的车骑大将军黎景熙的事典。黎景熙,字季明,曾官著作佐郎,勤于所职,著述不怠。 , \, E" L+ _( d$ @+ g0 {5 m4 G. ]
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8 G2 U/ J( N/ y; z" c  诚可配天,此处俨如靖乐园;9 z" q& Q) j. Y: k8 a, Z
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  心能格圣,就中即是武当山:广东省东莞市中堂镇潢涌村黎氏宗祠联。中堂镇的潢涌村是明清时期东莞四大名乡之一,数百年来名人辈出,其中时任清朝京官的黎攀镠曾上书道光皇帝,明确提出严禁鸦片,比林则徐奏陈禁烟六条方策还早两年。村中的黎氏大宗祠是东莞已知建造年代最早的祠堂,以此为代表的古建筑群极具地方特色。日前,黎氏大宗祠及古建筑群被评定为省级文物保护单位。潢涌人90%以上姓黎,黎氏家族从宋开始,迄今已历八百余年、三十多世。黎氏始祖黎宿即著名典故“割股疗亲”的主角。传说当年黎母病重,需人大腿上的肉来配药,黎宿即割股疗亲。此事后来传至朝廷,朝廷恩赐黎宿在村中建“德本坊”一座,以表彰其孝(此类举动清雍正以后被禁止)。现在村中还有巷子名字就叫德本坊。从宋至清,数百年间潢涌黎氏一门共出了五个进士、二十七个举人、八十多个秀才,其中五个进士中有两个入翰林院。黎攀镠是第二十二世,清道光年间中进士,随后在京城、闽南等地任职,官至江南河库道。十九世纪三十年代中期,每年从国外输入中国大陆的鸦片多达两、三万箱,当时清廷中对此有两种截然不同的态度,一为弛禁,一为严禁,弛禁派占上风。时任京官“礼科给事中”的黎攀镠旗帜鲜明地站在严禁派一方。黎氏大宗祠始建于南宋乾道九年(公元1173年),是东莞目前已知建造年代最早的祠堂,历代均有重修。祠堂共有三进,在布局上呈龟形。祠前正中、左、右各有一个伸向河道的石阶,就像龟头和两个前爪。祠后正中有一个旗杆,两侧也各有一个石阶,就像龟尾和两个后爪。据记载,选择如此造型的目的是“以祈永年”。有趣的是,作为龟身的三进院落朝向并非一致,第一进朝正南,第二进偏东,第三进则偏西。据说如此建造大有寓意,即此“龟”是动着的,正“爬”向有水的地方。祠内至今还保留着两块明朝重刻的大石碑,上面刻有宋、元、明六位东莞名贤为黎氏大宗祠撰写的碑文。石碑保存完整,碑文清晰可辨。
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  祠环潢水,千年支派永流长:广东省东莞市中堂镇潢涌村黎氏宗祠联。
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  高堂题载酒,欢迎长者车来:上联典指宋朝时期的名人黎治事典。下联典指宋朝时期的学者黎子云的事典。黎子云,儋州人。昆弟贫而好学。苏轼尝造访子云兄弟,执礼甚恭,每与弟载酒过从。轼因题其别墅曰“载酒堂”。 4 J% G& ~) x7 H; O2 ^0 X  [! K
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3 G3 O" d* e$ O6 S8 }' c. n0 i3 f  祖宗有灵,孰是孰非祸福终有报应;
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1 g0 `1 B" n, T5 C1 S  天地无私,为善为恶休咎总无负人:江西省上犹县黎氏宗祠联。
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+ r! G2 v9 t5 n  登此堂发春露秋霜之感,是谁瞻拜,独无惭南安迁后二十一传贤孙:此联为黎氏祠堂联。
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